Primary Sources

Camas City Records, Washington State Archives, Olympia, Washington..

Georgia Pacific Corporation, miscellaneous records, Camas, Washington.

Herbert Beaver, letter, typescript copy of 1842 letter sent to the committee of the Aborigines Protection Society in London, England. Oregon Historical Society.

"Camas, Washington." Camas Chamber of Commerce. (A small pamphlet found in vertical file for the Columbia River Paper Mill at the Camas Library: Camas, Washington.)

Crown Zellerbach. "14th Annual Report for the Year Ending April 13, 1938." Camas-Washougal Historical Society.

Guthrie, Woody. Roll On Columbia˜The Columbia River Songs. Portland: BPA, 1987.

Roosevelt, Franklin D. The Public Papers and Addresses of Franklin D. Roosevelt; Volumes 1-4, ed. Samuel I. Rosenman, New York: Random House 1938.

Government Documents

"A Study of Impacts to Significant Resources of the Confederated Tribes of the Umatilla Indian Reservation and Opportunities Lost as a consequence of the Construction of the Bonneville Dam and The Dalles Dam." U.S. Army Corps of Engineers, Portland District, North Pacific Division, 1994.

"Fact Sheet: Final Pulp, Paper, and Paperboard 'Cluster Rule' -- Overview." U.S. Environmental Protection Agency, November 1997.

"Fact Sheet: The Pulp and Paper Industry, the Pulping Process, and Pollutant Releases to the Environment." U.S. Environmental Protection Agency, November 1997.

"Fishways at Bonneville Dam," U.S. Army Corps of Engineers, District Engineer, Bonneville, Oregon, 1939.

"In Celebration of Our 50th Year,1984," U.S. Army Corps of Engineers, Bonneville Lock and Dam, vertical file, Oregon Historical Society, Portland, Oregon.

"Lower Snake River Juvenile Salmon Migration Feasibility Study: Tribal Circumstances and Perspective Anaylsis of Impact of the Lower Snake River Project on the Nez Perce, Yakama, Umatilla, Warm Springs, and Shoshone Bannock Tribes," Prepared for the U.S. Army Corps of Engineers, Walla Walla District, March 1999.

"Minutes of the meeting of tribal delegates held at The Dalles, Oregon, on February 23, 1939, to discuss damages to fishing sites and stations by the flooding of Bonneville Dam." Bureau of Indian Affairs, Record Group 75 The National Archives, Seattle Branch.

"The Bonneville Project; Improvement of the Columbia at Bonneville," District Engineer, United States Engineer Office, Portland, Oregon and the Bonneville Power Administrator, Department of the Interior,Washington D.C.: U.S. Government printing office, 1941.

"Regional Planning," National Resources Planning Committee, (Washington, D.C.: 1936) vol. Xxiv, 178-196. Vertical file, Bonneville Power Administration library, Portland, Oregon.

Secondary Sources

Adams, W. Claude. History of Papermaking in the Pacific Northwest. Portland: Binfords & Mort, 1951.

Alves, Sally. Historical Highlights of the Camas Area. Camas, Washington: Self-published, 1995.

Author unknown. "AWPPW History: The Early Days of Paper Industry Unionism on the West Coast." Courtesy of Camas AWPPW Local No. 5.

Beck, Bob. "The Paper Wars." Clark County History, 34 (1993): 43-47.

Berney, Bruce R., with Charles V. Berney. "The Vera Whitney Berney House, 1940-1953." Unpublished, Fort Vancouver Historical Society, 1998.

Boyd, Robert. People of The Dalles: The Indians of Wascopam Mission. Lincoln: University of Nebraska Press, 1996.

__________. The coming of the spirit of pestilence : introduced infectious diseases and population decline among Northwest Coast Indians, 1774-1874. Vancouver : UBC Press ; Seattle : University of Washington Press, 1999.

Brody, David. Workers in Industrial America: Essays on the 20th Century Struggle. New York: Oxford University Press, 1993.

Cohen, Avi J. "Technological Change as Historical Process: The Case of the U.S. Pulp and Paper Industry, 1915-1940." Journal of Economic History, 44 (Sept. 1984) : 775-99.

Cole, Arthur Harrison. The American Wool Manufacture. 2 vols. Cambridge: Harvard University Press, 1926.

Davis, Kenneth F. FDR The New Deal Years, 1933-1937. New York: Random House, 1979.

Dembo, Jonathan. "History of the Washington State Labor Movement, 1885-1935." Ph.D. dissertation, University of Washington,1978.

Dietrich, William. Northwest Passage: The Great Columbia River. NY: Simon & Schuster, 1995.

Donaldson, Ivan and Frederick Cramer. Fishwheels of the Columbia. Portland, Oregon: Binfords and Mort, 1971.

Donnelly, Florence. "Camas Paper Mill, First in Washington." The Paper Maker 29, no. 2 (1960):S 12-28.

______________. "Oregon's Second Venture in Papermaking: The Clackamas Mill." The Paper Maker 27, no. 1 (1958): 21-8.

Givens,Connie. "History of the Granges in Clark County," Clark County History vol. XXVIII, 1987.

Graham, Harry Edward. The Paper Rebellion: Development and Upheaval in Pulp and Paper Unionism. Iowa City: University of Iowa Press, 1970.

Guthrie, John A. The Newsprint Industry: An Economic Analysis. Cambridge: Harvard University Press, 1941.

Hall, Janet. "History of the Camas Mill." Clark County History, 1988: 21-32.

Hering, John P. Labor Force, Employment, and Unemployment Annual Estimates by States: 1900-1940, Seattle: University of Washington Press, 1951.

Hines, Donald. The Forgotten Tribes: Oral Tales of the Teninos and Adjacent Mid-Columbia River Indian Nations. Issaquah, Washington: Great Eagle Publishing, 1991.

Hughey, Curtis. Good Old LaCamas News, 1887-1892. Washington [state]: self published, 1998.

___________. The Good Old Days, 1877-1906. Washington [state]: self published 1998.

Hunn, Eugene S. Nich'I Wana: "The Big River" Mid-Columbia Indians and their Land. Seattle: University of Washington Press, 1991.

Hunt, R.O. Pulp, Paper and Pioneers: The Story of the Crown Zellerbach Corporation. New York: The Newcomen Society in North America, 1961.

Kleinsorge, Paul L. and William C. Kerby. "The Pulp and Paper Rebellion: A New Pacific Coast Union." Industrial Relations 6 (October 1966): 1-20.

Jessett, Thomas E., ed., Reports and Letters of Herbert Beaver, 1836-1838, Chaplain to the Hudson's Bay Company and Missionary to the Indians at Fort Vancouver. Portland, Oregon: Champoeg Press, 1959.

Jones, Roy F. Wappato Indians of the Lower Columbia River Valley. Roy Franklin Jones, 1972.

Minor, Rick and Beckham, Stephen Dow. Cultural resource overview and investigations for the Bonneville Navigation Lock Project, Oregon and Washington. Eugene, Or.: Heritage Research Associates, 1984.

Miller, Raymond M. and Frank M. Byam. The Pulp and Paper Industry of the Pacific Northwest. Part 1. Portland: War Department Corps of Engineers, U.S. Army Office of the Division Engineer North Pacific Division, 1937.

Norwood, Gus. Columbia River Power for the People. Portland: BPA, 1981.

Parsons, Mark E. Across Rushing Waters: a History of the Washougal River and Cape Horn. Camas: Post Publications, 1982.

____________. Looking Back 100 Years of Camas and Washougal History. Camas: Post Publications, 1983.

Peterson, Keith. River of Life, Channel of Death: Fish and Dams on the Lower Snake. Lewiston, Idaho: Confluence Press, 1995.

Piontek, Mildred Greening, ed. Washougal, Washington: "Gateway to the Columbia Gorge." Washougal: M.G. Piontek, 1996.

Pitzer, Paul Curtis. Grand Coulee: Harnessing a Dream. Pullman: Washington State University Press, 1994.

Porter, Pop. "How Could a Strike Happen Here? It Couldn't∑But We Have It." The Post-Record (Camas ), 16 November 1964.

Puette, William. Through jaundiced eyes: How the Media View Organized Labor, Ithaca: ILR Press,1992.

Randall, Roger. Labor Relations in the Pulp and Paper Industry of the Pacific Northwest. Portland: Pacific Northwest Regional Planning Commission, 1942.

Rogers, Claire and Rod, "Prune Fever," Clark County History vol. XXIX, 1988.

Ronda, James P. Lewis and Clark Among the Indians. Lincoln: University of Nebraska Press, 1984.

Ruby, Robert & John Brown, The Chinook Indians: Traders of the Lower Columbia. Norman: University of Oklahoma Press 1976.

Ruby, Robert and John Brown. Indians of the Pacific Northwest. Norman: University of Oaklahoma Press, 1981.

Schwantes, Carlos A. Radical Heritage Labor, Socialism, and Reform in Washington and British Columbia, 1885-1917, Moscow: University of Idaho Press, 1979.

_______________. The Pacific Northwest: an Interpretive History. Lincoln: University of Nebraska Press, 1996.

_______________. "Uncle Sam's Response to the Great Depression; WPA in Washington", Columbia 11 no. 1 (Spring 1997) 14-19.

Scott, Hugh A. "Reminiscence: on Bonneville Dam and the Boom Era", Oregon Historical Quarterly 88 no. 3 (1987).

Settle, Raymond W., ed. The March of the Mounted Rivlemen: From Fort Leavenworth to Fort Vancouver, May to October, 1849. Lincoln and London: University of Nebraska Press, 1968.

Stark, Jeff. "Clark County Rides the Rails," Clark County History vol. XXVIII, 1987.

Thwaites, Reuben Gold, LL.D. Original Journals of the Lewis And Clark Expedition, 1804-1806. New York: Antiquarian Press, 1959.

Ulrich, Roberta. Empty Nets: Indians, Dams, and the Columbia River. Corvallis: Oregon State University Press, 1999.

Welsh, William D. A Brief History of Camas, Washington. Camas: Crown Zellerbach Corporation, 1966.

White, Richard. The Organic Machine. NY: Hill & Wang, 1995.

Williams, Chuck. Bridge of the Gods. Friends of the Earth, 1980.

Willingham, William F., PhD, "Water Power in the 'Wilderness'," Portland: U.S. Army Corps of Engineers, 1997.

_____________. Water Power in the Wilderness, The History of Bonneville Lock and Dam, Portland: U.S. Army Corps of Engineers, 1997.

Wood, Beverly. "Camas-Washougal, Twin Mill Towns." Clark County History, 1987: 89-99.

Walker, Deward. Handbook of North American Indians: Plateau, Vol. 12. Washington, D.C.: Smithsonian Institution, 1998.

VanArsdol, Ted, "Camas Early Days," Clark County History, 1967.

____________. Mill Town Methodists. Camas: Columbia Litho, 1998.

Zieger, Robert H. Rebuilding the Pulp and Paper Workers' Union, 1933-1941. Knoxville: University of Tennessee Press, 1984.

Newspapers and Periodicals

The Camas Post
Camas-Washougal Post Record
Oregon Journal
Portland News-Telegraph
Seattle Times

Vancouver Independent
Wall Street Journal

Crown Zellerbach Spotlight
Makin' Paper, The Crown Columbia Paper Company
The Years of Paper, Crown Zellerbach Corporation
The Pittock Papers, the Pittock Mansion Society

Web Resources

Association of Western Pulp and Paper Workers (AWPPW).

AWPPW Local No. 5. Web site.

Camas-Washougal Historical Society:

City of Camas, Washington:

Columbia Riverkeeper:

Columbia River Inter-Tribal Fish Commission:

Environmental Protection Agency

Fort Vancouver Historical Society

Lindstrom, Dick. "Local #5 History, 1961-1979."

Lower Columbia River Estuary Program, Oregon DEQ

Oregon Department of Environmental Quality, "The Columbia River Water Quality Study."

Oregon Historical Society

Pendleton Woolen Mills:

U.S. Army Corps of Engineers, Portland District

Washington State Department of Ecology

Chuck Williams